Law of France, based largely on common sense rules instead of on legal theories or principles. It consists of five major codes: (1) Civil code, (2) Code of civil procedure, (3) Penal code, (4) Code of criminal procedure, and (5) Commercial code. Derived from Roman law, it was instituted in 1804 by the French emperor Napoléon Bonaparte (1769-1821), and is distinguished by its religious tolerance and emancipation of land. Also called Napoleonic code.
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