Technological innovation that enables machines to work harmoniously with their operators by giving them the 'human touch.' Called jidoka in Japanese, it employs automatic and semi-automatic processes to reduce physical and mental load on the workers. Introduced by Sakichi Toyoda (1867-1930) founder of Toyota Industries Corp. around 1924 when he invented an automatic loom that stopped working if even a single thread breaks, thus allowing one operator to control several looms.

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