A combination of the words "Britain" and "exit" which refers to Britain's withdrawal from the European Union. For Europe, the shock of this Brexit is profound since Britain is the only major country to leave the European Union. The people of Britain voted for a Brexit from the European Union in a historic referendum on Thursday June 23, 2016. According to The Economist, the referendum resulted in an overall vote to leave the EU, by 51.9% to 48.1%. However, the vote was split between the constituent countries of the United Kingdom, with England and Wales voting to leave, and Scotland and Northern Ireland voting to remain.