civil rights

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Personal rights acquired by an individual by being a citizen or resident, or automatic entitlements to certain freedoms conferred by law or custom. Certain civil rights (such as the right to equality, freedom, good governance, justice, and due process of law) are inalienable like human rights and natural rights, whereas others (such as the right to hold a public office) depend on one's conduct and can be lost. Also called civil liberties.

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Many countries protect individual citizen's civil rights via some type of constitutional guarantee, such as the American Bill of Rights which are the first ten amendments to the Constitution.
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After being pulled over and questioned, James felt that the police officer treated him unfairly and violated his civil rights.
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She claimed her civil rights were violated because the college had refused to admit her based upon her race and her religion.
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