devoted to surveying of new and old ships for award
of appropriate rating
about its seaworthiness evaluated according to published rules and standards. Lloyd's Register
(established since 1760 in London) was the world's first shipping classification
society. Other major seafaring nations now have their own societies, such as the American Bureau Of Shipping (USA), Bureau Veritas (France), Det Norsk Veritas (Norway), and Nippon Kaiji Kyokai (Japan).