Multiplying an amount by a discount rate to compute its present value (the 'discounted value'). It is the opposite of 'compounding' where compound interest rates are used in determining how an investment will grow on a monthly or yearly basis. For example, $1,000 compounded at an annual interest rate of 10 percent will be $1,610.51 in five years. Conversely, the present value of $1,610.51 realized after five years of investment is $1,000 when discounted at an annual rate of 10 percent.

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