distributed data processing (DDP)

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Arrangement of networked computers in which data processing capabilities are spread across the network. In DDP, specific jobs are performed by specialized computers which may be far removed from the user and/or from other such computers. This arrangement is in contrast to 'centralized' computing in which several client computers share the same server (usually a mini or mainframe computer) or a cluster of servers. DDP provides greater scalability, but also requires more network administration resources.

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