documentary collection

Popular Terms
International trade procedure in which a bank in the importer's country acts on behalf of an exporter for collecting and remitting payment for a shipment. The exporter presents the shipping and collection documents to his or her bank (in own country) which sends them to its correspondent bank in the importer's country. The foreign bank (called the presenting bank) hands over shipping and title documents (required for taking delivery of the shipment) to the importer in exchange for cash payment (in case of 'documents against payment' instructions) or a firm commitment to pay on a fixed date (in case of 'documents against acceptance' instructions).
The banks involved in the transaction act only in a fiduciary capacity to collect the payment but (unlike in documentary credit) make no guaranties. They are liable only for correctly carrying out the exporter's collection instructions and may, if so instructed, sue the non-paying or non-accepting importer on the exporter's behalf (see protest).


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