formal logic

Popular Terms
Classical or traditional system of determining the validity or invalidity of a conclusion (inference) deduced from two or more statements (premises). Based on the theory of syllogism of the Greek philosopher Aristotle (384-322 BC) systematized in his book 'Organon,' its focus is not on what is stated (the content) but on the structure (form) of the argument and the validity of the inference drawn from the premises of the argument-if the premises are true then the inference (also called logical consequence) must also be true. The basic principles of formal logic are (1) Principle of identity: if a statement is true then it is true.
(2) Principle of excluded middle: a statement is either true or false. (3) Principle of contradiction: no statement can be both true and false at the same time. Also called Aristotelian logic. See also fuzzy logic and symbolic logic.

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The formal logic used by the salesman left the potential customer with no choice but to purchase the entire fleet of goods.
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He was a big fan of and also used formal logic, which made him think he was really smart and witty.
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Many people use formal logic to decide which presidential candidate to vote for while others voters fall prey to logical fallacies and get distracted by red herrings.
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