between two variables which move in opposite directions; when one of the variables increases the other variable
decreases. In a business
setting this can also refer to a relationship caused by changes
in interfacing functional
groups. For example, groups 1 and 3 both interface
2, but neither of them interfaces directly with each other. However, changes made by group 1 which affects group 2 could have an indirect effect on group 3, creating an indirect relationship.