jurisdiction

  

Definition

Power or right of a legal or political agency to exercise its authority over a person, subject matter, or territory. Jurisdiction over a person relates to the authority to try him or her as a defendant. Jurisdiction over a subject matter relates to authority derived from the country's constitution or laws to consider a particular case. Jurisdiction over a territory relates to the geographic area over which a court has the authority to decide cases. Concurrent jurisdiction exists where two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case.

Use jurisdiction in a sentence

  • The case was out of his jurisdiction and he knew it, but he was so curious he investigated the crime anyway.

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  • The United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit exercised its appellate jurisdiction to review claims by a defendant that his rights to due process were violated in an earlier ruling.

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  • The Canadian court agreed it had no jurisdiction over two of its citizens who were on trial for fraud in Oregon.

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