Related Terms
Group of citizens (called jurors) selected at random and given power to decide the facts of a legal case submitted to them, and to return a verdict. Whereas the judge decides on points of law and sums up the evidence presented by both the prosecution and defense, the jurors must decide on the facts before them and must acquit the defendant if his or her guilt is not proven 'beyond a reasonable doubt.' They are the sole judges of the credibility of the witnesses and their duties are as important as those of the judge. In some case the unanimous verdict is required, whereas in the others a majority verdict is acceptable.
If the jury cannot reach a decision, they are discharged and a new trial (with a new selection of jurors) is ordered by the judge.


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