markup language

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Specialized computer language employed in wrapping (encapsulating) and describing data and its attributes. A markup language embeds processing instructions (called tags) in electronic documents so that they are accurately styled and presented as the original document irrespective of the computer platform, operating system, or application-program used. They also allow inclusion of additional descriptive information (called metadata) about the encapsulated data to facilitate exchange of complex data types between different systems. See also Extensible Markup Language (XML), Hypertext Markup Language (HTML), and Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML).

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The markup language used in HTML has evolved to HTML5 which incorporates many new elements but still retains its base.
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While the semantic markup language of XML is easily read and understood by humans, its complexity is not always superior to using a comma separated values file for data exchange.
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You should be able to understand all of the markup language so that you can break it down quickly and accurately.
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