no par value (NPV) share

Popular Terms
Share issued with no par value specified either on the share certificate or in the issuer firm's charter or prospectus. The objectives of its issuance include (1) avoidance of taxes levied according to the share's face value, (2) avoidance of the issuer firm's liability to shareholders in the event the shares have to be sold at a discount, and (3) elimination of investor confusion over the par value and the real (market) value of the share. Cash proceeds from the share-sale are accounted for by debiting the cash account and crediting the capital share account, thus assigning an implicit value to the issued shares.
No par value shares may be disadvantageous to shareholders where the firm lowers the value of already issued shares by accepting lower price for the new issue. Also called no par value stock, such shares are common in Belgium, Canada, and the US, but illegal in the UK. Also called no par share, no par value stock. See also stated value.


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