where people's basic needs for food
, clothing, and shelter are not being met. Poverty is generally of two types: (1) Absolute poverty is synonymous with destitution and occurs when people cannot obtain adequate
resources (measured in terms of calories or nutrition) to support a minimum level of physical health
. Absolute poverty means about the same everywhere, and can be eradicated as demonstrated by some countries. (2) Relative poverty occurs when people do not enjoy a certain minimum level of living standards as determined by a government
(and enjoyed by the bulk
of the population) that vary from country
to country, sometimes within the same country.
Relative poverty occurs everywhere, is said to be increasing, and may never be eradicated.