Determination of attitudes and policies on the basis of racial characteristics, often due to racialism
. Racism manifests in hatred and fear of people of different ethnicity, and in overt or covert attempts to keep them in subordinate
(less important and less powerful) positions. Whereas individual
racism is expressed usually in open
antagonism and prejudice
racism involves subtle structuring of organizations and systems in a tacit understanding to keep 'them' down or out.