separation of powers

  

Definition

The constitutional principle that limits the powers vested in any person or institution. It divides governmental authority into three branches: legislative (Parliament or Senate), executive (President or Prime Minister and the Cabinet), and judiciary (Chief Justice and other judges). This principle is expressed fully in the US Constitution, but is used only as a guide in the UK.

Use this term in a sentence

  • Separation of powers was created so that no one branch of government had supreme power, splitting government authority into three different branches.

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