Distribution & Logistics Terms and Definitions


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A-channel
acknowledgement of receipt
affiliated chains
afloat
after-marketing
aftermarket
air mile
air portable
airport access fee
airport tax
airport to airport
Amtrak
assembly line
autoship
B channel
business logistics
Business Process Model
business-to-business (B2B)
business-to-consumer (B2C)
buying distribution
Capability Maturity Model Integration (CMMI)
cargo agent
carriage
central warehouse
chain stores
chain-style business
channel
channel conflict
channel length
channel management
channel marketing
channel of communication
channel power
channel sales
channel stuffing
channel width
channel-based pricing
classification of buyers
co-managed inventory
collaborative planning, forecasting, and replenishment (CPFR)
consolidated shipment
consolidation service
continuous replenishment program (CRP)
contract logistics
cooperative advertising
crossdocking
crossdocking facility
customs warehouse
dealer
dealer principal
decoded scanner
deconsolidation
dekitting
demand chain
depot
direct channel
direct selling
disintermediary
distribution
distribution allowance
distribution center
distribution channel
distribution cost
distribution cost advantage
distribution expense
distribution intensity
distribution intermediary
distribution management
distribution mix
distribution model
distribution network
distribution pack
distribution requirement planning (DRP-I)
distribution resource planning (DRP-II)
distribution strategy
distribution system
distributor
door to door service
drop shipment
drop shipper
dual distribution
effective lead time
Efficient Customer Response (ECR)
Electronic Product Code (EPC)
end-use store
environmental monitoring
European Article Numbering Association
exclusive dealing
extensive distribution
facilitating agent
final assembly
financial supply chain
fixed lead time
flexible manufacturing
flow through distribution
forward linkages
fourth party logistics (4PL)
fulfillment
fulfillment center
fulfillment house
full line forcing
full service merchant wholesaler
general merchandise warehouse
godown
goods flow
goods in transit
goods item
goods purchased for resale
goods received note
gray-market imports
guaranteed price
handling allowance
headmount display
inbound logistics
indirect channel of distribution
integrated logistics
intensive distribution
interchange
interchannel competition
inventory remarketing
issuance
kit
kitting
knocked down (KD)
knocked down flat
lead time demand

less than truck load (LTL)
licensed warehouse
limited distribution
loading bay
locator system
logistics
logistics chain
logistics channel
logistics management
logistics support
LTL
machine readable
make to assemble (MTA)
make to stock (MTS)
marketing intermediary
markup
master distributorship
master franchise
materials handling
mechanism design theory
merchandising allowance
middleman
milk run
multiple sourcing
node
open distribution
order management
order processing time
outbound logistics
overhead
pallet
palletization
period order quantity
physical distribution
physical markup language
price agreement
price escalation
price maintenance
price schedule
private warehouse
procurement cycle
projected forecast
protected territory
public warehouse
putaway
radio frequency identification (RFID)
re-warehousing
reliability of delivery
resale price maintenance
reverse distribution
reverse fulfillment
reverse logistics
route
route planning
routing
safety lead time
screen mapping
seasonality index
selective distribution
sequenced delivery
serial number tracking
shipping accuracy
siding
skid
SKU
spaghetti diagram
stock keeping unit (SKU)
streamline
supplier power
supply chain
supply chain management (SCM)
supply chain planning
supply network
supply schedule
supply support
supply system
tender document
third party logistics (3PL)
trade allowance
trade discount
trade promotion
unapproved check
unit load device (ULD)
unitized load
value chain
vendor file
vertical market system (VMS)
wand scanner
warehouse
warehouse control system
warehouse retailing
zone contracting
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