Economics, Politics, & Society Terms and Definitions


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'Beyond The Limits' report
'Limits-To-Growth' report
30-day letter
abatement
ability to pay principle
ability to pay tax
above full-employment equilibrium
absolute advantage
absolute cost advantage
absorption
accelerated tariff elimination
acceleration principle
accommodative monetary policy
acquired advantage
active money
actual demand
actual investment
ad valorem tax
Adam Smith
adaptive expectations
adjustable peg
adjustment assistance
adjustment policies
adjustments
adjustments estimate
Administrative Management Society
adverse balance
adverse balance of trade
advertising elasticity of demand
affluenza
agflation
aggregate demand
aggregate expenditure (AE)
aggregate hours
aggregate income
aggregate supply
aid
aid packaging
allocation of resources
allocative efficiency
allocative inefficiency
alternative minimum tax (AMT)
American Business Conference (ABC)
American Economics Association (AEA)
American Recovery And Reinvestment Act
analyst
anarcho-capitalism
Anglo-Saxon capitalism
anti-boycott regulations
anti-globalization
anticipated inflation
apportionment
appreciative inquiry
appropriation
Arab Maghreb Union (AMU)
area of dominant influence (ADI)
armchair economics
Arrow's impossibility theorem
Articles of Confederation
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
Asian Productivity Organization (APO)
Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
attaché
attribution theory
austerity budget
Australian Dollar (AU $)
Australian Trade Commission (Austrade)
Austrian School of Economics
Authorized Economic Operator (AEO)
auto sales
auto supplier support program (Auto SSP)
autocracy
autocrat
automatic cost of living adjustment
automatic fiscal stabilizers
autonomous investment
available market
average propensity to consume
average propensity to save
Baby Boomer Age Wave Theory
balance of indebtedness
balance of payments (BOP)
balance of payments support
balance of trade (BOT)
balanced economy
Bangkok Agreement
bargaining power of buyers
barriers to entry
barriers to exit
barriers to trade
base period
base year
basic good
basic industry
basket of goods
Bass diffusion model
bearish
bedroom community
beggar thy neighbor policy
behavior modification
behavioral economics
beige book
below full employment equilibrium
benefit principle
benefits received rule
Berlin Wall
Bertrand competition
Bertrand game
biflation
Big Mac Index
big ticket item
bilateral monopoly
bio-economics
birth rate
birth-death ratio
black economy
black market
Black Mondays
black money
Black Wednesday
blocked market
boom
boom and bust cycle
Borsodi's law
bottom
bottom of the pyramid
boundary objects
Box-Jenkins model
boycott
Brady bonds
brain drain
brain trust
breadline
Breakfast Index
Bretton Woods system
BRIC Countries
bubblecovery
budget line
budget resolution
Buffetism
bullish
Bureau of Economic Analysis
Bureau of Labor Statistics
burgernomics
business
business activity
business acumen
business class
business climate
business cycle
business cycle indicators (BCI)
business environment
business event
business life cycle
business markets
business resources
Business Starts Index
buyer behavior
buying motives
buying power
buying power index (BPI)
calculus of voting
call loan rate
call money
Canadian Dollar (CAN $ or CND)
Canadian Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC)
cap and trade
capital
capital account
capital blockade
capital control
capital employed
capital flight
capital formation
capital goods
capital goods price index (CGPI)
capital grant
capital inflow
capital intensive
capital investment
capital market theories
capital outflow
capital resource
capital saturation
capitalism
captive pricing
Cardboard Box Index
caring economy
carriage trade
cartel
Cass Freight Index
casual ambiguity
catch-up effect
caucus
CB Leading Index
CBI realized sales
ceiling price
celtic tiger
census
Census Bureau
central bank
centrally planned economy
Centre for European Economic Research
Centre For European Policy Studies (CEPS)
CEO confidence survey
cess
chain store sales
challenger job-cut report
change equilibrium
cheap money
checks and balances
Chicago school of economics
Chief Justice
circular flow diagram
circular flow model
Civil Rights Act of 1964
civil society
civilian labor force
civilian noninstitutional population
classical dichotomy
classical economics
Classical Growth Theory
classical unemployment
Clayton Antitrust Act
Clintonomics
close market
closed sector
closer economic relations (CER)
closing down point
CNN effect
Coase's theorem
coercive incentive
coherent market hypothesis
coincident indicators
collapse
combat pay
command economy
commercial economy
commercial sector
commercial visa
commoditization
commodity
common external tariff (CET or CXT)
common good
common market
common point
commonwealth
communications
communism
communist
commutative justice
company demand
comparative advantage
comparison goods
compensatory finance
competency convergence
competition
Competition in Contracting Act (CICA)
competitive
competitive advantage
competitive demand
competitive disadvantage
competitive equilibrium
competitive equilibriums
competitive forces
competitive landscape
competitive position
competitive product
competitiveness
complementary demand
complementary good
complementary product
complementary products pricing
completed fertility rate (CFR)
composite demand
Composite Index of Coincident Indicators
Composite Index of Lagging Indicators
Composite Index of Leading Indicators
concealed unemployment
concentrated growth
concentrated industry
concentration ratio
Conference Board
Congressional Budget Office
Congressional Oversight Panel (COP)
conservation
conservatism
consolidated expenditure
consolidated industry
conspicuous consumption
constant currency unit
constant dollar accounting
constant dollar [or any other currency]
constant returns to scale
constant sum game
constant-cost industry
Consumer and Business Lending Initiative
consumer buying behavior
consumer confidence
consumer discretionary
consumer durables
consumer equilibrium
consumer goods
consumer price index (CPI)
Consumer Price Index for all Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
consumer price inflation
consumer sovereignty
consumer spending
consumer surplus
consumer trends
consumer unit (CU)
consumerism
consumption
consumption expenditure
consumption function
consumption rate
consumption tax
contestable market
continuing claims
contraction
contractionary gap
contractionary policy
convenience product
convexity
coolhunting
Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (GCC)
Copenhagen Criteria
core based statistical area (CBSA)
core CPI
core durable goods orders
core inflation
core ppi
core retail sales
cornering the market
corporate campaign
corporate philanthropy
corporate profit
corporate scandal
cost classification
cost inflation
cost of living
cost of living adjustment (COLA)
cost of living allowance (COLA)
cost of money
cost push factor
cost push inflation
cottage industry
counter cyclical policy
counter-cyclical
countervailing power
country economic risk
Cournot competition
crash
credence good
credit crisis
credit crunch
credit reduction
credit tranches
creeping inflation
crony capitalism
crop failure
crop report
crop year
cross culture
cross elasticity
cross-elasticity of demand
cross-price elasticity of demand
crowding out
crude birth rate (CBR)
crude death rate (CDR)
cultural forces
culture gap
cumulative causation
currency
currency crisis
currency restriction
current account balance (CAB)
current account equilibrium
current demand
current dollar [or any other currency]
Current Employment Statistics (CES)
current market selling price
current purchasing power (CPP)
customer perceived value
customs union
cutthroat competition
cyclic variation
cyclical industry
cyclically adjusted deficit
cyclically adjusted surplus
deadweight loss
deadweight loss of taxation
dear money
death rate
debt deflation
debt for environment swap
debt for export swap
debt forgiveness
debt relief
decision lag
declining demand
declining industry
declining marginal utility
declining returns to scale
decreasing-cost industry
dedication
deficiency payment
deficit financing
deficit hawk
deficit spending
deflation
deflator
deindustrialization
demand
demand analysis
demand and supply
demand curve
demand density
Demand destruction
demand factor
demand management
demand pull inflation
demand risk
demand shock
demand side economics
demand side model
demand side research
democracy
Democrat
demographic environment
demographic factors
demographic time-bomb
demographic transition
demographic variables
demographics
demography
demonetization
demonstrated reserves
denationalization
DENK
deontological ethics
Department of Agriculture
Department of Commerce (DOC)
Department of Education
Department of Labor
Department of Revenue
Department of the Treasury
Department of Transportation (DOT)
dependency ratio
dependent demand
depletable resource
depositary
depreciation
depression
deregulation
derived demand
designation
determinants of supply
devaluation
developed countries
developed economy
developing countries
development
development capital
DEWK
diamond model
differentiated oligopoly
diffusion of innovation
digital money
diminishing marginal product
diminishing marginal utility
diminishing returns
diner's dilemma
dip
direct competition
direct competitor
direct investment
direct tax
direct write off method
discount store
discouraged worker
Discretionary Fiscal Policy
discretionary income
discretionary spending
diseconomies of scale
disequilibrium price
disequilibrium unemployment
disinflation
dislocated worker
displaced homemaker
displaced worker
disposable income
disruptive innovation
distribution intensity
distributive justice
district
diversity management
division of labor
dollar
domestic business
domestic demand
domestic income
domestic liquidity
domesticated market
dominant firm
double counting
double taxation
double taxation treaty
double-dip recession
downtrend
downturn
downward stretching
drought
dual economy
dumping
duopoly
duopsony
durable goods orders
dynamic continuous evolutionary innovation
dynamic efficiency
early adopters
early majority
East African Community (EAC)
East African Cooperation (EAC)
Easy Credit
easy monetary policy
easy money
echo bubble
eclectic paradigm
eco-efficiency
ecological risk assessment
ecological sustainability
ecologically sustainable development
econometric modeling
econometrician
econometrics
economic activity
economic analysis
Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa (CEMAC)
economic assumptions
economic base
economic base multiplier
economic boom
economic bubble
economic capital
economic census
economic climate
Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
economic condition
economic control
Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO)
economic cost
economic crisis
economic cycle
economic decision making
economic dependence
economic depression
economic determinism
economic development
economic development area (EDA)
economic dynamics
economic efficiency
economic entity
economic environment
economic equilibrium
economic equity
economic expansion
economic factor
economic factors
economic forces
economic forecasting
economic freedom
economic goods
economic growth
economic growth rate
Economic Growth Tax Relief Reconciliation Act (EGTRRA)
economic impact
economic impact analysis
economic income
economic indicators
economic inefficiency
economic infrastructure
economic integration
economic interdependence
economic justice
economic law
economic loss
economic man
economic miracle
economic multiplier
economic network
economic performance
economic power
economic pressure
economic principle
economic problem
economic profit
economic rate of return (ERR)
economic refugee
economic rent
economic sector
economic shock
economic spread
economic stability
economic stimulus package
economic summit
economic sustainability
economic system
economic trend
economic tsunami
economic union
economic utility
economic valuation
economic wants
economic welfare
economically active population
economically sustainable
economics
economics of one unit (EOU)
economics of scope
economies of scale
economies of scope
economizing problem
economy
economy pricing
Edgeworth Price Cycle
education
effective competition
effective demand
effective exchange rate (EXR)
effective interest rate
effective rate
effective tax rate
efficiency principle
efficient market
efficient market hypothesis
egalitarian
EIA natural gas report
EIA petroleum status report
elastic demand
elastic supply
elasticity
elasticity of demand
elasticity of substitution
elasticity of supply
elasticity of technical substitution
election
emancipation
Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 (EESA)
emergency goods
emerging economies
emerging industries
emerging markets
emerging nation
emotional intelligence
employed
employed earner
employed person
Employer Identification Number (EIN)
employment
Employment And Training Administration (ETA)
Employment Situation Report
employment to population ratio
endogenous growth theory
endogenous money
endorse
energy
energy and commerce committee
energy costs
energy crop
energy reserves
energy resource
energy source
Engel's Law
enhanced structural adjustment facility (ESAF)
entitlement
entrepreneur
entrepreneurship
environmental capital
environmental economics
environmental equity
environmental fund
environmental hygiene
environmental intervention
environmental non-governmental organization (ENGO)
environmental protection
environmental sanitation
environmental value
Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)
equilibrium point
escalation
essential good
essential industry
establishment
ethical behavior
ethical objectives
ethical standards
ethical values
ethnic origin
ethnography
European Capital Markets Institute (ECMI)
European Commission
European Credit Research Institute (ECRI)
European Currency Unit (ECU)
European Parliament
Eurosclerosis
Eurozone
eustress
evolutionary economics
excess capacity
excess demand
excess quantity demanded
excess quantity supplied
excess supply
exchange
exchange controls
exchange rate
exchange rate mechanism (ERM)
exclusive economic zone
existing home sales
exit visa
expansionary gap
expectational inflation
expected monetary value
expected value (EV)
expected value maximization principle
expendable trust fund
expenditure approach
expenditure method
experience curve
experimental economics
exponential growth
export processing zone (EPZ)
export quota
export restraint agreement
export subsidy
exports
external agents
external attribution
external benefit
external debt
external dependence
external diseconomies
external diseconomies of scale
external economies
external environment
external factors
external forces
external stakeholder
external structure
externalities
facilitation payment
factor cost
factor endowment
factor income
factors of production
factory orders
fad
fair competition
fallacy of composition
family
family house
family life cycle
farm income
farm surplus
Fascism
favorable balance of payments
federal agency
federal budget deficit
federal funds rate
Federal Government
federal income tax liability
federal poverty level (FPL)
federal-state unemployment compensation program
federation
Fedwire
feedback-rule policy
FEMA declaration process
fertility rate
final good (service)
financial accelerator
financial assistance
financial contagion
financial crisis
financial economics
financial sector
Financial Stability Plan (FSP)
financially independent
financing squeeze
first world
fiscal
fiscal balance
fiscal capacity
fiscal drag
fiscal effort
fiscal imbalance
fiscal policy
fiscal stance
fiscal stimulus
fiscal year
fiscalist
Fisher criterion
Fisher effect
Fisher equation
Fisher hypothesis
five forces
flash manufacturing PMI
flash services PMI
flat tax
flea market
flight capital
flight to quality
fluctuating demand
follow up study
food stamps
force of attraction doctrine
forced compliance
forced saving
forecast
foreclosure crisis
foreign access zone (FAZ)
foreign debt
foreign direct investment (FDI)
foreign exchange (Forex or FX)
foreign exchange earnings
foreign exchange rate
foreign exchange reserves
foreign investment
foreign policy
foreign reserve
foreign trade zone (FTZ)
former Soviet Union (FSU)
Forrester Research Customer Experience Index (CxPI)
fortuitous event
fox-trot economy
fractal market hypothesis (FMH)
fractional reserve system (FRS)
fragmentation
fragmented industry
fragmented market
Franc zone (ZF)
Francophone countries
free
free city
free economy
free enterprise
free good
free market
free market economy
free money
free port
free rider
free rider effect
free trade
free trade agreement
Free Trade Agreement of the Americas (FTAA)
free trade area
free trade zone (FTZ)
free zone
freeganism
frictional unemployment
Friendster
frugalista
full and open competition
full demand
full employment
full-time student
functions of money
fundamental attribution error
G-8 Finance Ministers
gap in the market
GDP Gap
general equilibrium
general fertility rate (GFR)
general revenue
generalized system of preferences (GSP)
generation gap
Generation Jones
Generation X
Generation Y
generic competition
generic market
generic need
genuine progress indicator (GPI)
geocentric multinational
geodemography
geographic monopoly
Gibson's Paradox
Giffen good
gift economy
Gini index
global
global competition
global economy
global financial crisis
global interdependence
global recession
global recovery rate
global risk
global trade
globalization
glocalization
glut
going rate pricing
gold rush
gold standard
gold tranche
good
Goodhart's law
goods
goods and services
government
government accounting
government debt
government failure
government grant
government intervention
government market
government monopoly
government procurement
government purchases
government shutdown
government-owned property
governmental
grant
Great Depression
great moderation
great recession
green economics
Gresham's Law
gross domestic income (GDI)
gross domestic product (GDP)
gross national debt
gross national expenditure
gross national happiness (GNH)
Gross National Income
gross national product (GNP)
gross private domestic investment (GPDI)
gross value added (GVA)
group norms
Group of 22 (G-22)
Group of 3 (G-3) (Europe)
Group of 3 (G-3) (Latin America)
group of eight (G-8)
group of eleven (G-11)
group of fifteen (G-15)
Group of Five (G-5)
group of seven (G-7)
group of seventy seven (G-77)
Group of Ten (G-10)
group of thirty (G-30)
Group of Twenty (G-20)
group of twenty-four (G-24)
growth industry
growth phase
GST tax
Gulf Opportunity Zone
guns or butter
hard landing
hard market
hardcore unemployed
Harmonized Index of Consumer Prices (HIPC)
Harry Markowitz
head of household
headline effect
hedonic pricing
hedonic regression
hedonic treadmill
help wanted advertising
Henry Paulson
Herfindahl index
heterodox economics
hidden inflation
hidden unemployment
Historic Rehabilitation Limited Partnership
home affordable modification program (HAMP)
homeowner affordability and stability plan (HASP)
homo economicus
homogeneous goods
homogeneous market
homogeneous oligopoly
Hong Kong Dollar (HKD or $)
Hope Now Alliance
horizontal agreement
horizontal conflict
horizontal expansion
horizontal integration
hot waitress economic index
Hotelling's Theory
house price index (HPI)
household
Housing and Economic Recovery Act (HERA)
housing bubble
housing starts
human behavior
human capital
human development
human development index (HDI)
human relation
Humphrey-Hawkins Act
hypercompetition
hyperinflation
ICSC-UBS store sales
immediate family
imperfect competition
imperfect information
import quota auctioning
import ratio
import relief
import restrictions
import sensitive producers
import substitution
import substitution industrialization (ISI)
import-substituting industrialization (ISI)
imports
improvement
improvements
in real terms
inalienable rights
income
income distribution
income effect
income elasticity
income elasticity of demand
income group
income inequality
income tax
income unit
income-consumption line
incomes policy
inconvertibility
incumbency
independent
independent agency
independent demand
indexation
Indian Rupee (INR or Rs or Rp)
indicator
indices
indirect competition
indirect exports
indirect tax
individual transfer quota (ITQ)
induced investment
industrial autarky
industrial base
industrial goods
industrial inertia
industrial policies
industrial production
industrial revolution
industrial sector
industrialism
industrialization
industry
industry attractiveness
industry environment
industry group
industry segment
industry structure
inelastic demand
inelastic supply
infant industry
infant mortality
infant-industry theory
inferior good
inflation
inflation uncertainty
inflationary gap
inflationary psychology
inflationary spiral
informal economy
informal sector
information asymmetry
information economy
information park
information revolution
information society
information-based model
infrastructure
inheritance tax
Initial Claims
innovation
innovation capital
input tax
input-output model
input-output tables
inputs
inside lag
inspector(s) of election
installation goods
Institute of Chartered Secretaries and Administrators
institutional
instrumentality
interchannel competition
interest group
interest rate effect
interest rate parity theory
intergenerational equity
intergovernmental organization (IGO)
interindustry competition
intermarket analysis
intermediate good
intermediate product
internal environment
internal revenue
International Accounting Standards (IAS)
International Accounting Standards Board (IASB)
International Accounting Standards Committee (IASC)
International Bank For Reconstruction And Development (IBRD)
International Bank Of Reconstruction And Development (IBRD)
international cartel
International Council of Shopping Centers (ICSC)
International Energy Agency (IEA)
international finance
International Finance Corporation (IFC)
International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS)
International Labor Organization (ILO)
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
international monetary system
international non-governmental organization (INGO)
international organization
international poverty line
International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC)
International Trade Center (ITC)
intertemporal equilibrium
intertype competition
intervention
intrapreneurship
intratype competition
intrinsic value
intrinsic worth
investment bank
investment credit
investment function
investment grant
investment incentives
investment position
investment treaty
invisible balance
invisible barriers to trade
invisible exports
invisible hand
invisible imports
invisibles
irregular demand
ISLM Model
ISM manufacturing index
ISM Non-Manufacturing Index
ISO currency code
isolationism
isoquant curve
Isoquant map
James M. Buchanan Jr.
Japanese Yen
Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS)
jobless recovery
joint demand
Joint Economic Committee (JEC)
joint powers authority
joint supply
just-world phenomenon
K-commerce
Karl Marx
Kazakhstan National Fund
keiretsu
Keynesian

Keynesian economics
Keynesian theory
Keynesian unemployment
kinked demand curve
knowledge economy
KOF Economic Barometer
Kondratieff cycle
L-shaped recovery
labor
labor demand
labor economics
labor force
labor force participation ratio
labor intensive
labor market
labor market equilibrium
labor market flexibility
labor productivity
labor supply
labor theory of value
labor-intensive industry
Laffer curve
lagging indicators
laissez-faire
laissez-faire economics
land
landlocked
landlocked state
latent demand
lateral integration
Latin America
law of demand
law of diminishing marginal productivity
law of diminishing marginal utility
law of diminishing returns
law of effect
law of increasing opportunity cost
law of large numbers
law of markets
law of one price
law of proportions
law of small numbers
law of statistical regularity
law of supply
law of supply and demand
lead user
leading economic indicators (LEI)
leading indicators
league
learning curve
least developed countries (LLDC)
legal monopoly
lender of last resort
liberal
liberalism
liberalization
Libertarianism
life cycle
lifestyle
lifestyle creep
light industry
limited resources
Lindahl Equilibrium
line filling
linear market
linking method
liquidity trap
living wage
lobby
lobbying
local community
local government
local taxes
Lombard rate
Lome convention
London Club
long-run aggregate supply
loose monetary policy
lossmaker
lost decade
low involvement product
low-cost country sourcing (LCCS)
Lucas Wedge
lump of labor fallacy
Lusophone Countries
luxury goods
luxury tax
Machiavellian
macro accounting
macro forecast
macro marketing
macro risks
macroeconomic conditions
macroeconomic equilibrium
macroeconomics
main street
mainstream economics
male chauvinism
Malthusian Law Of Population
Malthusian thesis
managed currency
managed float
managed trade
mancession
mandatory spending
manpower
manufacturing
manufacturing and trade inventories and sales
manufacturing sector
marginal analysis
marginal benefit
marginal cost
marginal efficiency of capital
marginal external benefit
marginal external budget
marginal external cost
marginal outlay
marginal physical product
marginal player
marginal pricing
marginal private benefit
marginal private cost
marginal producer
marginal product
marginal product of labor
marginal productivity
marginal productivity of capital
marginal productivity theory of income distribution
marginal productivity theory of wages
marginal profit
marginal propensity to consume
marginal propensity to save
marginal rate of substitution
marginal rate of technical substitution
marginal rate of transformation
marginal relief
marginal revenue
marginal revenue product
marginal social benefit
marginal social cost
marginal tax rate
marginal utility
marginal utility of money
marginal value product
marginalism
Maritime Administration (MARAD)
market
market access
market breadth
market challenger
market concentration
market condition
market control
market controlled price environment
market coordination
market demand
market demand curve
market density
market disruption
market distortion
market diversification
market dynamics
market ecology
market economy
market efficiency
market entry
market equilibrium
market expansion
market factor
market failure
market follower
market forces
market fragmentation
market growth rate
market index
market inefficiency
market intelligence
market map
market mechanisms
market model
market offering
market outlook
market planning
market power
market profile
market segment
market segmentation
market share liability
market signal
market size
market structure
market system
market target
market volume
market-based price
market-focused organization
marketability study
Marxism
Marxist
mass market
Master of Public Administration (MPA)
mathematical economics
mature economy
mature industry
mature market
maturity stage
mechanism design theory
mechanistic
media system dependency theory
media weight
medical disaster
megacorporation
Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG)
member of household
menial
menu costs
mercantilism
merchandise exports
MERCOSUR
merger
merit goods
meritocracy
meta-market
Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)
micro country risks
micro finance
micro risk
microeconomic incentive
microeconomic policy
microeconomic trends
microeconomics
microenterprise
middle class
middle income country
migration
minimum wage
Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI)
minority business
Minsky moment
misery index
mixed economy
mixed signals
mobility of capital
mobility of labor
Modern Portfolio Theory (MPT)
modernity
modernization
Modiglani-Miller hypothesis
monetarism
monetary
monetary aggregates
monetary base
monetary inflation
monetary item
monetary policy
monetary price
monetary reserve
monetary system
monetary theory
monetary union
monetary unit
monetary wealth
monetary working capital adjustment (MWCA)
monetize
money
money equation
money illusion
money market
money market deposit account
money multiplier
money neutrality
money supply
monitization
monopolist
monopolistic competition
monopolistic market
monopoly
monopoly power
monopsony
monospony
monster employment index
moral suasion
morbidity
morbidity rate
morbidity table
morganization
mortality
mortality rate
mortality table
most favored nation (MFN)
motor vehicle sales
multi fiber agreement (MFA)
multigenerational study
multilateral investment guaranty agency (MIGA)
multilateral trade negotiations (MTN)
multinational corporation (MNC)
multiple column tariff
multiple worksite report (MWR)
municipal improvement certificate
municipal utility district (MUD)
municipality
NAB Business Confidence Index
narrow moat
nation
National Association of Home Builders (NAHB)
National Average Wage Index (NAWI)
national culture
national debt
national expenditure
national income
National Labor Relations Board
national market
national rate of unemployment
National Retail Federation (NRF)
national savings rate
national treatment (NT)
national wealth
nationalization
natural capital
natural monopoly
natural rate of employment
natural rate of unemployment
natural resource
natural-rate hypothesis
near money
necessaries
necessary good
necessities
necessity
need for affiliation
needs and wants
negative demand
negative externality
negotiated market price
neighborhood store
neo classical economics
neo-liberalism
neoclassical economics
neoclassical growth theory
net advantage to merging
net debt per capita
net exporter
net importer
net investment
net migration rate
net national product (NNP)
network economics
network economy
network effects
neutral tax
new classical economics
New Deal
new economics
new economy
new entrants
New Federalism
New Keynesian Economics
New Keynesians
New York dollar
new-to-market (NTM)
newly industrializing country (NIC)
Niccolo Machiavelli
niche product
Nixon shock
no-growth
nominal dollar [or any other currency]
nominal GDP
nominal GNP
nominal interest rate
nominal national income
nominal price
nominal wage
non dom
non tariff barrier (NTB)
non-basic industry
non-financial industry
non-governmental organization (NGO)
non-monetary reward
non-monetary wealth
non-partisan
non-price competition
non-renewable resource
noncooperation
Nordic Council
normal good
normal price
normative economics
North
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
not in my backyard (NIMBY)
notional demand
numeraire
Obamacare
obsolescence risk
occupation tax
Occupational Outlook Handbook
off-budget federal entities
offensive competitive strategy
Office of Foreign Asset Control (OFAC)
Office of the United States Trade Representative
official cash rate
Official Development Assistance (ODA)
official reserve
offshoring
oil economy
Okun gap
Okun's law
Old Economy
oligopolistic
oligopolistic competition
oligopolistic environment
oligopoly
oligopsony
open conference
open economy
open market
open market operations
operating environment
opportunity analysis
opportunity cost
opportunity fund
Oprah effect
optimal currency area
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
Organization of American States (OAS)
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
organizational absorption
organizational agility
organizational communication
organizational economics
outlay
output gap
output tax
overheating
Overseas Countries and Territories (OCT)
overshoot and collapse
oversupply
own price elasticity of demand
pacific rim
packaged good
pale recession
panic
paradox of thrift
paradox of value
parallel economy
Pareto optimal
Pareto optimality
Pareto optimum
Pareto principle
Paretopoly
Paretopsony
Paris Club
parity
parity products
partial equilibrium analysis
participation rate
pass through taxation
paternalism
pay as you earn (PAYE)
payment on account
PCE deflator
pecking order theory
pecuniary
pecuniary externalities
peer group
peg
pegged exchange rate
pending home sales index (PHSI)
penetrated market
pent-up-demand
people skills
per capita
per capita debt
per capita income
perfect competition
perfect information
perfect market
perfectly elastic
perfectly elastic demand
perfectly inelastic
perfectly inelastic demand
Personal Consumption Expenditures (PCE)
personal ethics
personal income and outlays
personal savings rate
personal value
personification
petrodollars
Philadelphia Fed Survey
Philadelphia Federal Index
philanthropist
philanthropy
Phillips curve
physical capital
physiological
Pigou effect
planned urban development (PUD)
plunge team
plurality voting
plutonomy
point of diminishing returns
policy
political environmental
political factor
political impact
political power
political system
political union
poll tax
polygon
polypoly
polyspony
population
population density
population growth
pork barrel spending
positional good
positive action
positive economics
positive yield curve
post industrial society
post office
potential market
potential output
poverty
poverty cycle
poverty level
poverty line
poverty trap
power distance index (PDI)
prediction market
preferential loan
Preferential Trade Agreement (PTA)
prepaid tuition plan
present situation index
prestige products
price
price collusion
price control
price determination
price discovery
price effect
price efficiency
price elasticities
price gouging
price hike
price index
price inelastic
price lining
price mechanism
price penetration
price point
price ratchet
price sensitivity
price stability
price stickiness
price support
price system
price taker
pricing power
primary deficit
primary demand
primary industry
primary labor market
primary sector
principle of declining marginal benefit
principle of diminishing marginal utility
private cost
private enterprise
private good
private sector
privatization
pro-globalization
probable reserves
procyclic
producer goods
producer price index (PPI)
producer price inflation
producer surplus
product
product assortment
product diversification
product innovation
product involvement
product life cycle
product market
product price index (PPI)
Production Era
production possibility curve
productivity and costs
professional bureaucracy
professional ethics
professional values
profit system
progressive tax
proletariat
proper resource pricing
property tax
proportional representation (PR)
proportional tax
prosperity
protectionism
proved developed reserves (PDR)
proved reserves
proved undeveloped reserves
proxy indicator
proxy tax
psychological
public employment
public expenditures
public finance
public good
public housing
public interest group (PIG)
public ownership
public private partnership
public sector
public service
public service company
public spending
public unit account
public utility
public works
pump priming
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI)
purchasing power
purchasing power parity
pure capitalism
pure competition
pure monopoly
pure private good
pure public good
pure rate of interest
pure rent
pure research
q ratio
quality of life
quantity theory of money
quarterly services survey
quasi non-governmental organization (Quango)
quaternary sector
quota sampling
Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act of 1970 (RICO)
Radner equilibrium
Ramsey pricing
rational choice theory (RCT)
rational expectations
rational pricing
rationing
rationing function of price
RBC CASH index
real estate bubble
real externalities
real gross domestic product (real GDP)
real income
real interest rate
real investment
real rate
real return
real terms
real variable
real wage rate
real yield
recession
recession rich
recessionary gap
reciprocity
recovery
recovery period
redistribution of wealth
reference base period
reference group
referendum
reflation
reflationary policy
reflex effect
regional
regional integration
regionalization
register of deeds
regressive supply curve
regressive tax
regulated market
regulatory economics
regulatory force
relative market share
renewable energy
rent
rent seeking
repatriation
Republican
reputation management
reserve accounts
reserve currency
reserves
residential district
residential sector
resource
resource dependence
Restaurant Performance Index (RPI)
retail price index (RPI)
retail sales
revenue
revenue cap regulation
Revenue Equalization Reserve Fund
Revenue Regulation Fund
reverse culture shock
reverse survivorship bias
Ricardo-Barro Effect
RICS House Price Balance
rival good
road tax
Ronald Coase
rose-colored recession
Rupert Murdoch
Rural Housing Service (RHS)
S&P/Case-Shiller U.S. National Home Price Index
sales potential
sanction
saturated market
saturation
savings
scarce good
scarcity
scarcity principle
school of thought
scrip
search engine marketing (SEM)
seasonal industry
seasonal unemployment
second world
secondary industry
secondary labor market
secondary needs
secondary sector
sector
secular trend
segmented market
selective demand
selective perception
self-help project
selling orientation
sequential comparison
Sequestration
service business
service industry
service marketing
services
shadow economy
shakeout
shareholder activity
shock
shoe leather cost
shopping good
short supply
short-run equilibrium
shortage
sin tax
single market
single source data
Sir Thomas More
Sixteenth Amendment
skimming
slump
small and medium enterprise (SME)
small business
Small Business Lending Index (SBLI)
small business relief
smart city
smokestack industry
social accountability
social audit
social benefit
social capital
social choice theory
social class
social contract
social cost
Social Darwinism
social enterprise
social entrepreneur
social fabric
social factor
social force
social good
social impact
social influence
social insurance
social marketing concept
social power
social safety net
Social Security Administration (SSA)
social security card
social security integration level
Social Security Number (SSN)
social security system
social security wage base
social services
social stratification
social structure
social sustainability
social system
social value
social welfare
socialism
Socialist
socialist economy
societal orientation
socio-cultural environment
socioeconomic
socionomic
soft commodities
soft currency
soft patch
soroptomy
South
South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC)
South Pacific Regional Trade and Economic Cooperation Agreement (SPARTECA)
South-South trade
sovereign credit rating
sovereign debt
sovereign default
Sovereign Fund Of Brazil
sovereign individual
Soviet Union
special drawing rights (SDR)
special interest group (SIG)
specialization
specialization of labor
spending phase
spillout effect
stability and growth pact (SGP)
stabilization policy
stagflation
stagnation
Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) Code
Standard International Trade Classification (NITC)
standard of living
standardized death rate
standing appropriations
staple food
staple goods (staples)
staple product
state
state trading company
state unemployment insurance (SUI)
statistical inference
statistical sample
steady state economy
steer/corn ratio
stimulus check
stipend
stock market crash
stop go policy
strategic agility
strategic control parenting style
strategic inflection point
stratification
street smarts
strong market
structural adjustment
structural alteration
structural analysis
structural change
structural imperative
structural inflation
structural system
structural transformation
structural uncertainty
structural unemployment
structural variation
structure
structured
subcontracting
subjective standard
subprime crisis
subscription
subsidization
subsidize
subsidy
subsistence economy
substitutability
substitute goods
substitutes
substitution
substitution effect
suburb
subvention
sunrise industry
sunset industry
superior good
supply
supply analysis
supply and demand
supply curve
supply elasticity
supply schedule
supply shock
supply side economics
suppressed inflation
surplus
surplus value
surtax
survey research
survival of the fittest
survivor principle
sustainability
sustainable competitive advantage
sustainable development
sustainable growth model
sustainable growth rate
Swiss Franc (CH)
Tankan survey
targeted jobs credit
task environment
tax
tax abatement
tax base
tax based incomes policy
tax break
tax code
tax debt
tax expenditure
tax holiday
tax incentive
tax supplement
tax surcharge
tax treaty
tax-neutrality
tax-related incomes policy (TIP)
taxation
taxation principles
Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN)
technical advance
technical analysis
technical barriers to trade
technical efficiency
technical inefficiency
technocracy
technological externalities
technological forces
technological monopoly
technology infrastructure
terms of sale
terms of trade
territorial sea
tertiary sector
The Wealth of Nations
Theodore C. Levitt
theory of adaptive expectations
theory of needs
theory of rational expectations (TRE)
theory of reasoned action
theory of the firm
theory of the first best
theory of the second best
theory of the third best
third degree price determination
third sector
Third World
Thomas Malthus
tight monetary policy
time preference
time productivity
time utility
Tobin's 'q' theory
top-down forecasting
topographic map
topography
tortoise economy
total fertility rate (TFR)
total net value added (TNVA)
total output
total utility of money
totalitarianism
Trade and Investment Framework Agreement (TIFA)
trade area
trade balance
trade barrier
trade cycle
trade deficit
trade liberalization
trade pact
trade regime
trade war
trade weighted exchange rate
tradeoff curve
traditional economy
trait theory
Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership
transaction cost
transaction price
transaction tax
transactions motive
transfer cost
transfer earnings
transfer payment
transfer price
transformation curve
transit zone
transitional economy
transnational company
transnational strategy
transparent market
travel and entertainment account
treasury budget
treaty
trickle down theory
trilateral commission
trillion dollar club
triple bottom line
tropical products
tropics
trough
Truck Tonnage Index
true value
turnaround
tweens
two way stretching
type C personality
U-shaped recovery
U.S. Agency for International Development
U.S. House Financial Services Committee
uber-wealthy
unconstrained demand
uncontrollable factors
underclass
underemployed
underemployment
underemployment equilibrium
underground economy
uneconomic growth
unemployed
unemployment
unemployment insurance fund
unemployment rate
unemployment tax
unemployment trap
unfair competition
unfunded debt
unicohort
uniform costing
unilateral transfers
union
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR)
unionization
unit elastic demand
unitary demand
unitary elasticity
unitary tax system (UTS)
United Nations
United States
United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
universal health coverage
unlimited wants
unsought good
unsustainable debt
unwholesome demand
upper class
upstream industries
uptrend
upturn
upward stretching
urban renewal
urbanization
use tax
use value
user cost
utility
utility maximization
utility of money function
utility theory
V-shaped recovery
value
value added
value added tax (VAT)
value for money (VFM)
value of marginal product (VMP)
Veblen effect
velocity
velocity of circulation
velocity of money
vent for surplus
vertical integration
vertical mobility
Veterans Administration (VA)
vie
Vienna Convention
visible trade
volatility
voluntary sector
voluntary trade
W-shaped recovery
W. Edwards Deming
wage and price controls
wage compression
wage curve
wage expansion
wage freeze
wage push inflation
wage record interchange system
wage-price cycle
wage-price spiral
Wal-Mart effect
walking around money
Walt Disney
want
wealth
wealth effect
Wealth of Nations
wealth psychologist
weightless economy
welfare
welfare economics
welfare loss of taxation
welfare state
wholesale inventories
wholesale price index
wide economic moat
Wolfe wave
workable competition
workforce
working class
World Bank
World Bank Group (WBG)
World Bank system
World Economic Forum
world output
World Trade Organization (WTO)
worth
Zaibatsu
ZEW Economic Sentiment
zone improvement plan
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